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Jalanin Oracle 9i Di FreeBSD

Posted by kang deden pada 31 Januari, 2007

Don’t even bother trying to run the Oracle installer on FreeBSD.

Instead, NFS-mount the BSD disk from a Linux box and use the Linux system to install Oracle.

Once it is working on the Linux box, tune your FreeBSD kernel according to Oracle’s requirements.

Start with a copy of the GENERIC kernel configuration.

bsd5# cd /usr/src/sys/i386/conf bsd5# cp -i GENERIC /root/BSD5 bsd5# ln -s /root/BSD5

Add the following options.

options SEMMSL=100 options SEMMNS=32000 options SEMOPM=100 options SEMMNI=100 options SHMMAX=2147483647 options SHMMNI=4096 options SHMALL=2097152

Oracle wants SHMMAX=2147483648 but FreeBSD doesn’t like that because it doesn’t fit in a signed 32-bit word. “Decimal constant is so large that it is unsigned.” As it turns out, you have to set SHMMAX at boot time anyway.

bsd5# echo >>/etc/rc.local sysctl kern.ipc.shmmax=2147483647

Also before rebooting, enable linux binary emulation.

bsd5# echo >>/etc/rc.conf linux_enable=YES

Install the linux_base package from a CD or a mirror site.

bsd5# pkg_add

Compile and install the new kernel.

bsd5# config BSD5 bsd5# cd ../compile/BSD5 bsd5# make depend bsd5# make bsd5# make install bsd5# reboot

Copy oratab and oraInst.loc to /etc.

bsd5# cd /usr/oracle/etc bsd5# cp -i oratab oraInst.loc /etc

Change N to Y in the planb line in /etc/oratab, so that dbstart will start the planb instance.


Change the oracle user’s shell to bash.

bsd5# chsh -s /usr/local/bin/bash oracle

Add environment variables to /home/oracle/.profile.

bsd5# su -l oracle oracle@bsd5$ cd oracle@bsd5$ cat >>.profile export ORACLE_HOME=/usr/oracle/planb export ORACLE_BASE=/usr/oracle/base export ORACLE_SID=planb PATH="$PATH:/usr/oracle/planb/bin" EOF oracle@bsd5$ . .profile

Create initplanb.ora from the template init.ora file.

oracle@bsd5$ cp -i /usr/oracle/planb/dbs/init{,planb}.ora

Start Oracle.

oracle@bsd5$ dbstart  SQL*Plus: Release - Production on Sat Aug 9 11:05:11 2003  Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.  SQL> Connected to an idle instance. SQL> ORACLE instance started.  Total System Global Area  235999352 bytes Fixed Size                   450680 bytes Variable Size             201326592 bytes Database Buffers           33554432 bytes Redo Buffers                 667648 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> Disconnected from Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release - Production With the Partitioning, OLAP and Oracle Data Mining options JServer Release - Production  Database "planb" warm started.

Set up TCP/IP service.

Log in as root again.

Add oraclelistener and oraclelistenerssl ports to /etc/services.

bsd5# cat <<EOF >>/etc/services oraclelistener    1521/tcp oraclelistenerssl 2484/tcp EOF

Copy /usr/oracle/network/admin/listener.ora to /etc and make sure the hostnames are bsd5 (this machine) rather than planb (the machine you ran the installer on).

bsd5# cp -p -i /usr/oracle/network/admin/listener.ora /etc bsd5# ee /etc/listener.ora

These are the two lines that I changed.

        (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = = 1521)) ...       (GLOBAL_DBNAME =

Start the TCP/IP listener.

bsd5# su -l oracle -c 'tnslsnr &'

Verify that tnslsnr is listening to port 1521.

bsd5# sockstat|grep oracle oracle   tnslsnr    6591  9  stream /var/tmp/.oracle/sEXTPROC oracle   tnslsnr    6591  10 stream /var/tmp/.oracle/s#6591.1 oracle   tnslsnr    6591  11 tcp4        *:* oracle   oracle     6546  12 udp4       *:* oracle   oracle     6546  13 tcp4   *:49161               *:* oracle   oracle     6544  12 udp4       *:* oracle   oracle     6528  12 udp4       *:*

To start Oracle at boot time, create /usr/local/etc/rc.d/ like this.

#!/bin/sh case "$1" in   start)     echo -n ' oracle '     su -l oracle -c 'dbstart; exec tnslsnr' &     ;;   stop)     echo -n ' oracle '     su -l oracle -c 'killall tnslsnr; exec dbshut' &     sleep 10     ;;   *)     echo >&2 "usage: $0 start|stop"     ;; esac

Make it executable.

bsd5# chmod +x /usr/local/etc/rc.d/

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